Office of Undergraduate Education Undergraduate Research & Creative Inquiry

Writing and Presenting Research

Writing a Research Proposal

A research proposal is a formal, detailed description of the research you intend to conduct. Although standards for a research proposal vary across disciplines, all research proposals include certain basic information:

  • Title
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Preliminary Studies
  • Research Methodology
  • Significance of the Proposed Project

For more information on research proposals and their components, UR&CI suggests exploring the WebGURU website. 

For additional support on Ohio State's campus, UR&CI suggests reaching out to the Center for the Study and Teaching of Writing.

Writing a Research Abstracts

While writing a research abstract, it is helpful to refer to the hourglass structure, meaning the abstract is quite general at the beginning, becoming more specific in the middle, and then becoming more general again at the end.

An abstract typically includes the following topics:

  • General background information
  • Facts about the topic
  • Statement of the problem
  • Statement of purpose
  • Methods/process
  • Results or anticipated results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion/importance

Creating a Research Poster

Below are research poster templates that students have used in the past and can be modified by all students: